If there is an architect of the twentieth century with vital influence on the development of this field and its various associated branches, that is undoubtedly Charles Édouard Jeanneret-Gris. Better known as Le Corbusier, the architect and theorist of architecture, engineer, designer and painter was born in Swiss and became a French citizen, becoming a eternal referent as one of the greatest innovators of modern architecture. In the 50th anniversary of his death (he died in 1965), we pay tribute to his immortal personality whose work, ideas and projects are still incredibly current nowadays …
Le Corbusier said that he preferred drawing to talking, because the first had less room for lies and for him it was even faster to express his ideas. Not surprisingly, some of these drawings impacted in a comprehensive manner in the architecture industry of his time, that was needing referents to look up to. ‘The Modulor’, for example, served to define a measurement system based on human proportions, as each magnitude is related to the previous one by the Golden Ratio, to serve as a measure of the parts of architecture. Thus it retook the old ideal of establishing a direct relationship between the proportions of buildings and man. A theory that marked a turning point in the design of housing.
In addition to his ideas recorded in drawings and plans, his words also had a great impact. For Le Corbusier, the houses were “machines for living ‘(‘machine à habiter’), going beyond the functional component and adding a metaphysical perception: the goal of architecture should be to generate beauty, a beauty that would impact positively on the lifestyle of the inhabitants of the buildings. Another of his major contributions was his famous “five points of a new architecture ‘, in which he included new construction technologies derived mainly from the use of concrete to the construction concept.
Among his countless and incomparable works are Villa Savoye (France, 1928), Refuge Army (France, 1929), Church Notre Dame (France, 1950-1955), Chandigarh (India, 1951), Convento de la Tourette (France, 1953 ), or the Casa Cultural Heidi Weber (Switzerland, 1963). Buildings that stand out mainly by the use of concrete on the facades and free plants. A privileged mind and ultimately, a reference with an everlasting influence that has inspired generations of architects such as Oscar Niemeyer, Antonio Bonet, Emilio Duhart, Mario Pani or Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza. Immortal ideas that transcend time and took architecture to a new stage, beyond his departure.